Citation and Referencing Support
Referencing is a fundamental skill you need to have to demonstrate good academic practice. It is the most important practice in scholarly writing that can be used to avoid plagiarism. It is a consistent method of acknowledging another person’s ideas which you have used in your own work. All sources used for your work must be referenced.
There are many acceptable referencing and citation styles. Some commonly used styles are the APA (American Psychological Association), Chicago, Harvard and MLA (Modern Language Association) referencing styles. While you may need to know all of them here at UKH the citation style is Harvard and should be used for all scholarly work except for if it is a collaboration with other institutions or publishers. Please check with your departmental staff as to preferred style for you work. Whichever style is preferred; it must be used consistently throughout the assignment.
How Can the Library Help You?
- We can help you understand the general principles of referencing and using the style guides available.
- We can show you how to do referencing on Microsoft Office Word.
What the library can not do for you – Correct your work for you.
When you have any doubt regarding citation and referencing discuss with your lecturer or supervisor.
Harvard Citation Style
Harvard Style (or author-date system) is a specific kind of parenthetical referencing. Harvard referencing involves a short author-date reference, e.g., “(Smith, 2000)”, being inserted after the cited text within parentheses and the full reference to the source being listed at the end of the article.
Please note that there are variations of Harvard Citation Style. However, The Library recommends the use of Harvard System of Referencing (6th edition) because this version is supported in Microsoft Office Word under reference style “Harvard – Anglia 2008”.
Useful sites related to Harvard style referencing:
- Anglia Ruskin University Harvard System https://libweb.anglia.ac.uk/referencing/harvard.htm
- Exeter University’s ‘Referencing – The Harvard System’ from Britain – https://www.eriesjournal.com/public/site/harvard_referencing.pdf
- Leicester University’s ‘Harvard referencing -pdf’ from Britain -http://www2.le.ac.uk/projects/oer/oers/ssds/oers/harvard-referencing/harvard%20referencing%200610.pdf
- Monash University Library’s ‘Harvard referencing guide-pdf’ Australia -https://guides.lib.monash.edu/citing-referencing/harvard
- Queen’s University in Canada has an excellent referencing styles site – https://library.queensu.ca/help-services/citing-sources
- Southern Cross University’s ‘Getting started – Harvard’ Australia – https://libguides.scu.edu.au/harvard/getting-started.
Formatting of citations in databases
Some database providers, such as Ebscohost and JSTOR allow you to format references using a particular style (ex. APA, Harvard, MLA, etc.), and email or print these formatted references.
Note: Always review the citations formatted by the database. Compare results with style guidelines listed for the format you are using as to the exact formatting and punctuation.